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SGP 2 : SWIDWEB Composting Site – Progress Report

Progress Report 26-08-2020

Introduction:
The acceleration of industrialization and urbanization has played a major role in the drastic increase of municipal waste generation, with particular regard to food waste. Food waste management is one of the global environmental issues. Over 97% of food waste is estimated to be buried in landfills in the United State. Sadly, Malaysia produced an average of 40,000 tons of waste per day and only five percent of it is recycled. The food waste sector has become an area of major concern as it occupies a considerable proportion of total municipal waste generation, accounting for 1.3 billion tons per year. While landfills are the predominant method of waste disposal and treatment owing to their simplicity and affordability, the depletion of available land and environmental concerns, including the generation of leachate and methane gas, present challenging issues for the proper management of municipal wastes. As a result, reducing the volume of food waste sent to landfills and increasing the efficiency of treatment have emerged as essential goals for sustainable development. Additionally, the use of on-site compost technology was suggested as a possible solution where having high transportation costs for biodegradable waste treatment. However, due to the extremely small capacity of projects, this application proved to be inefficient at the time, odour problems, maintenance issues, and cost efficiency issues. These previous cases offer us insight and direction for the development of enhanced methodology for determining the viability of alternative composting strategies.

Duration:
September 2019 – August 2022 (3 years)

Objectives:
1. To identify type of waste generated in UTHM.
2. To quantify waste generated in UTHM based on type.
3. To develop efficient composting system.
4. To reduce waste management cost in UTHM.

Progress:
Work had been done including survey work, earthwork and layout design with piping and electrical design. All design had been endorsed by certified engineer. Currently, building structure is under construction.

SGP2 Activity File: